The term "Nazi" was in use before the rise of the NSDAP as a colloquial and derogatory word for a backwards farmer or peasantcharacterizing an awkward and clumsy person. In this sense, the word Nazi was a hypocorism of the German male name Ignatz itself a variation of the name Ignatius — Ignatz being a common name at the time in Bavariathe area from which the NSDAP emerged. Socialist as an example  — shortened the first part of the NSDAP's name, [Na]tionalso[zi]alistische, to the dismissive "Nazi", in order to associate them with the derogatory use of the term mentioned above.
Share Shares The National Socialists were obsessed with their bizarre racial theories and desperate to subvert the science of archaeology to support the notion of a pure race of ancient Aryan supermen.
They struggled for power, and the Ahnenerbe was eventually triumphant, but both organizations organized some loopy expeditions. We wrote recently about the bizarre expedition by the SS to Tibet to explore the history of the mythical Aryan race.
Here are 10 more tales of archaeology gone badly wrong. Posnansky was involved with excavating the ancient city of Tiwanaku in the Altiplano region, characterized by its massive stone blacks and Success and failure of the nazi carvings, and he despised the local people.
Also unwilling to believe that the ruins were built by the indigenous Aymara people, Kiss developed a wild theory that the city was actually built by wayward Nordic Atlanteans one million years ago; they subdued the local inhabitants before erecting the spectacular city.
These ideas were supported by the European-descended Creole minority that dominated Bolivia politically and economically and depended on the exploitation of the Aymara and Quechua indigenous population.
The Atlantis story gave the Creoles a mythos by which to justify their racial domination of the country. Kiss was partially inspired by the thought of Bolivian scholar Belisario Diaz Romero, who believed there were three human species—Homo niger which arose in Africa, Homo atlaicus which arose in Asia, and Homo atlanticus, a white Aryan race arising from Atlantis.
He also popularized his theories through a series of science-fiction novels. They described an ancient Nordic elite known as the Asen, led by a eugenicist leader named Baldur Wieborg of Thule and confronting a threatening Slavic underclass, who would relocate to the Andes to enslave the local population and ultimately return in triumph to their Arctic homeland under blue and white swastika banners, before finally being forced by climate change to move to the Mediterranean and found the Hellenic civilization.
Kiss spent —39 putting together a team for the expedition, which was only ultimately forestalled by the outbreak of World War II. Himmler believed that the Grove of the Saxons, at the river Aller near Verden in Saxony, was the location of a massacre of 4, Saxons in AD by Charlemagne, after they refused to convert to Christianity.
Whatever the case, Himmler decided to commemorate the event, said to represent the noble sacrifice of the ancient Saxons, by laying out a thingstead, which is an ancient Germanic gathering place.
It was designed by landscape architect Wilhelm Hubotter, who bought the land from seven local farmers and set to work designing the Grove. The Grove is a large, cleared oval surrounded by a 6-meter-wide 20 ft walk and flanked by 4, irregular stones said to represent the fallen Saxons.
Wild roses, alder, dogwood, and other indigenous shrubs were planted around the edges of the walkway, while the interior was grazing land. The area is a floodplain for the river Aller, which, in spite of damming attempts, has repeatedly flooded the Grove over the years, seen by some as symbolic of the travails of Nazi Germany.
The area lost ideological significance when Charlemagne was restored to historical greatness status by the Nazis for his role in founding an early Germanic Reich. Despite his association with Himmler, Hubotter would later help design the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp Memorial commemorating the victims of the Holocaust.
He was first inspired by reading The Kalevala The Land of Heroesa 19th-century book by country doctor Elias Lonnrot, which speculated that the songs of Karelia were actually fragments of a lost northern epic from thousands of years ago.
Lonnrot had spent years exploring the region on foot and by boat in an attempt to patch the supposed epic back together. Particularly popular for many readers was the hero character, WAinAmoinen, a powerful sorcerer who was able to transform the treeless land into a vast paradise, as well as warming the Sun, clearing pestilence, and performing a variety of magical acts.
When Gronhagen published an article about The Kalevala in a Frankfurt newspaper, he attracted the interest of Himmler, who was very interested in proving the superiority of the Aryan race through analysis of ancient German tales and Norse eddas.
Gronhagen, for his part, was interested in disproving theories that the Finns were descended from Mongols or Hungarians, which were based on the fact the Finnish language is completely unrelated to the Germanic tongues.
After organizing a meeting between the young Finn with an ancient-German-spirit-channeling madman named Karl-Maria Wiligut, Himmler offered Gronhagen a job with the Ahnenerbe.
His duty was to conduct research into folklore at the Finnish Literature Society at Helsinki to prepare him for fieldwork and gain information on ancient Aryan religious rites that Himmler hoped to use to replace Christianity. InHimmler authorized Gronhagen to make an expedition to Karelia to photograph witches and sorcerers and record their songs and incantations.
Gronhagen brought along an illustrator, fearing the elderly sorcerers would balk at being photographed, as well as Dr. Bose brought along a highly sophisticated piece of audio-recording equipment, the magnetophone, a precursor to the modern tape recorder.
The motley crew of pseudoscientists spent the summer wandering from one Karelian village to the next, interviewing elderly people whom they believed to be magical and recording their songs and performances of the traditional kantele zither. In one village, a year old witch named Miron-Aku was found picking mushrooms.
Since then I have been sick and will die soon. What do you want of me?
She was dismayed when Bose played back a recording of her ritual, vowing never to practice magic again. In the end, the team assembled a collection of over songs, including lullabies, work songs, patriotic tunes, and songs of lamentation, and compiled what they considered to be evidence of the mystical power of saunas.Jan Karski (24 June – 13 July ) was a Polish World War II resistance-movement soldier, and later a professor at Georgetown University..
In –43 Karski reported to the Polish Government-in-Exile and to Poland's Western Allies about the situation in German-occupied Poland, especially about Germany's destruction of the .
The Nazi Party emerged from the German nationalist, racist and populist Freikorps paramilitary culture, which fought against the communist uprisings in post-World War I Germany.
The party was created as a means to draw workers away from communism and into völkisch nationalism. Initially, Nazi political strategy focused on anti-big business, anti-bourgeois and anti-capitalist rhetoric. A German toy has been recalled from shelves over concerns that it promoted an inaccurate glorification of Nazi history, Gizmodo's Paleofuture blog reports..
The toy in question, a part model of. NSDAP/AO offers books in English and German on National Socialism, Nazism, Third Reich, Schutzstaffel, SS plus swastika flags, war art, posters, and Nazi regalia and Neo-Nazi propaganda.
“An exciting and dramatic episode.”―Library Journal “Cliff-hanging suspense.”―Christian Science Monitor.
Assault in Norway is the classic account of a legendary raid on the Nazi war program. By Germany had a seemingly insurmountable lead over the Allies in developing an atomic bomb.
Spying on the Bomb: American Nuclear Intelligence from Nazi Germany to Iran and North Korea [Jeffrey Richelson] on skybox2008.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Spying on the Bomb is an engrossing (Wall Street Journal) global history of the American-led effort to spy on every nation with nuclear ambitions.
A global history of U.S. nuclear espionage from its World War II origins to twenty.