An authoritative version of Marco Polo's book does not and cannot exist, for the early manuscripts differ significantly. The published editions of his book either rely on single manuscripts, blend multiple versions together, or add notes to clarify, for example in the English translation by Henry Yule. The English translation by A. Latham works several texts together to make a readable whole.
It was common to hear there, in the shadow of the domes of Opal, along with sumptuous palaces and the view of the Golden gondolas, the most extraordinary and Pilgrim stories. But that was master Marco Polo, recently arrived from the ends of the world, eclipsed all.
He claimed to have been extracted from the bowels of the Earth, in China, some black stones which burned better than firing. The Venetians, to hear him, mocked; for them, stone coal was one of the most fantastic.
He also spoke of another stone which could be spun as if it was wool, but that it was fireproof; his listeners bursting with laughter: Either believed you when he described a source that had been referred to in some remote country that flowed not water, but black oil: However, it was not possible that a man, even equipped with a prodigious fantasy, imagine all that.
Marco Polo had returned from their trips bringing with them great riches, among which perhaps the most valuable was the experience accumulated over twenty-four years of absence.
Thousand adventures and unbelievable facts for his contemporaries crossed his mind. It had a lot to tell, not in vain was one of the greatest travellers that mankind has known. Marco Polo The book of wonders, which greatly enriched the geographic European knowledge, is the only source except some Testament and many lawsuits that will go in search of information on the life and miracles of Marco Polo and his, since everything that could corroborate or disprove what has not is never found oras his tomb, has disappeared.
Of course that a such a fantastic book and for some as fancifulwhich has had versions, interpretations and translations without story, it has caused serious doubts, extensive discussions and any disqualification. In spite of this, all scholars seem to agree in affirming that the Polo, merchants of modest fortune, came from a Dalmatian family of Sabenico who settled in Venice in the 11th century, and cite to the grandfather Andrea.
They soon integrated into the dynamic Venetian commercial world, turning it into a family of daring merchants.
The grandfather of Marco had three children: Andrea, Nicholas and Matthew. Arredraban to any of the three the fatigues the distances if they glimpsed a substantial economic transaction. Intrepid merchants Andrea, the firstborn, settled in Constantinople and established fruitful relationships with the men of the caravans coming from far countries located beyond the Black Sea.
News that spoke of the conquests of the Mongols in the West Asia had soon on blighting his acute business sense, so he called his brothers, who remained in Venice, and he encouraged them not to miss that wonderful occasion of doing big business.
Magnetic needle recently imported and stars happily guided his way to the capital of the Greeks. Shortly after arriving, Nicolas woman gave birth in Venice, inframework. Nothing is known about the first years of life of that child who must run around the squares and bridges of Venice.
Orphaned of mother very soon, is believed to have lived in the care of his aunt Flora. It seems that it received instruction, since he knew to read and write, but without doubt his best school the Venice that wandering offered it. A Venice that vibrating to the beat of business and crimes against property that which is perpetrated against persons who punished more harshly.
While Marco was growing up in Venice, Nicolas and Matthew traded in Constantinople, until that one day ofunsettled by threats that hovered over the city, decided to leave it to settle in Crimea, in the city of Soldaia, where businesses were not as successful as they had hoped. They were then interned in the region of steppes and settled in Bolgar.
After two years, nostalgia began to aguijonear them, and in springwere prepared to return. But fate had other plans for them. A war between Mongolian Kings broke out and return was complicated and full of dangers. They resolved to then travel towards the rising sun, and settled in Bukhara in anticipation of a quiet route to return to Venice.
The trip was not easy, but the pole were a race of untiring pioneers; they bought here, sold there, learned foreign languages, and discovered new markets, receiving good treatment everywhere and establishing profitable agreements with the Mongols. These, causing much fear to Christianity, proved to be a skillful administrators who lived in peace with the subject peoples.
The Muslim wall, preventing any contact between China and the West, from the 7th century was no longer more than a simple curtain. The Polo brothers were the first to cross it with success.
The Polo in Bukhara In the city of Bukhara, in the heart of Asia and nearly five thousand kilometres away from their country of origin, Matthew and Nicholas stayed for three years, dedicated fully to trade.
A collage of Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, followed by a view of the city, then the Grand Canal, and (smaller) the interior of La Fenice and, finally, the Island of San Giorgio Maggiore. Biography of Marco Polo: By the end of the thirteenth century, Venice remained one of the world's largest commercial and maritime powers. It was common to hear there, in the shadow of the opal domes. Polo, MarcoMarco Polo's travels to Asia (–95), immortalized in his Travels of Marco Polo. Marco, his father, and his uncle set out from Venice in and reached China in The Polos spent a total of 17 years in China. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Polo, MarcoMarco Polo traveling in a.
One day came to them a Commission sent by the great Kublai Khan, whose empire stretched from the Arctic sea to the Indian Ocean, and from the shores of the Pacific to the borders of Central Europe. The Commission gave them the invitation to visit him. A year of travel it cost them to get to the King.
The Khan had never seen Western Europeans and was an extremely strange man.Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela born 18 July is a South African politician who was the President of South Africa from to , the first ever to be elected in a fully representative and multi-racial election.
His administration focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid, as . Marco Polo (/ ˈ m ɑːr k oʊ ˈ p oʊ l oʊ / (), Venetian: [ˈmaɾko ˈpolo], Italian: [ˈmarko ˈpɔːlo]; – January 8–9, ) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.
His travels are recorded in Livres des merveilles du monde (Book of the Marvels of the World, also known as The Travels of Marco Polo, c. ), a book that described to.
Heroes and Villains - A little light reading. Here you will find a brief history of technology.
Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many.
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from skybox2008.com Early life and Asian travel Mosaic of Polo appears as a Great Explorer in the strategy video game Civilization Revolution ().
Marco Polo's voyage from China is used as a backdrop for the plot of Uncharted 2: Marco . Marco Polo () was a Venetian merchant believed to have journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire. He first set out at age 17 with his father and uncle, traveling overland.